Roman Gods Facts for Kids – 5 Rich Facts about Roman Gods

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Updated on: Educator Review By: Michelle Connolly

Ancient Romans believed that there is a god for sea and a goddesses for love. Would you like to more about Romans gods and goddesses?! Come and check our five rich facts about Roman Gods.

Roman Gods Facts for Kids Fact Number 1: Some Planets Are Named After Roman Gods

Many planets in our solar system are named after Roman gods! In fact, six out of eight planets in our solar system are named after Roman gods.

Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system and is named after the most powerful Roman God for this reason. The planet Neptune was named after the god of the seas because of its bright blue colour. 

Similarly, the planet Mars was named after the god of war, Mars because its reddish colouring resembled blood. 

Mercury was named after the messenger of gods who was known for his speed. This is because Mercury is known as the fastest planet.

The planet Venus is the brightest planet in the solar system and for this reason was named after the Roman goddess of love and beauty.

Saturn was named after the god for the Roman god of agriculture and wealth. Earth is the only planet not named after a God.

Roman Gods Facts for Kids
Roman Gods Facts for Kids: A Photo of planet Saturn

Roman Gods Facts for Kids Fact Number 2: There Were 12 Main Roman Gods

The 12 major Roman Gods were called the Council of Gods or Olympians. All Gods in the Council of Gods are related in some way, whether it is through blood or marriage. They are named after their place in which the gods are said to live, Mount Olympus.

The Romans and the Greeks shared the same stories about the Gods, however they used different names. The 12 main Roman Gods were Jupiter, Juno, Mars, Mercury, Neptune, Venus, Apollo, Diana, Minerva, Ceres, Vulcan, and Vesta. 

Roman Gods Facts for Kids

Roman Gods Facts for Kids Fact Number 3: Jupiter Was The King of Gods

Jupiter was the most powerful of all the Roman gods. He is said to have held thunderbolts in his hands, which he would throw from the sky creating thunder and lightning.

Jupiter’s father was Saturn. When Saturn died, Jupiter and his two brothers, Neptune and Pluto, divided the world up for them to rule. It is said that Jupiter took the heavens, Pluto took the underworld and Neptune took the sea.

The Greeks also worshipped Jupiter, however they called him Zeus.  Jupiter was married to Juno, the queen of the Gods and also protector of Rome. The month of June is named after her.

Roman Gods Facts for Kids LearningMole
Roman Gods Facts for Kids: A Photo of God Jupiter

Roman Gods Facts for Kids Fact Number 4: The God Cupid Was The Son of Venus

You have probably seen many images of Cupid with his love heart shaped bow, especially around Valentines Day and this is because Cupid was the god of love. Cupid was known to carry a bow and arrow and shoot people with it. If someone was shot by Cupid’s arrow they were said to fall in love with the next person they met.

He was the son of Venus, the goddess of love and beauty and Vulcan, god of fire, who was also the craftsman of the Gods and created all their weapons. Venus was known as Aphrodite to the Greeks.

Roman Gods Facts for Kids LearningMole
Cupid boy holding bow and arrow

Roman Gods Facts for Kids Fact Number 5: The God Mars Was The Father of Romulus and Remus

Mars was the god of war and was a very feared god who loved bloodshed. Many Roman military men would have prayed for Mars to watch over them during battle. The month of March is named after him. Mars was the son of Jupiter and Juno, the king and queen of all the gods.

According to Roman legend, princess Rhea who was a mortal was married to Mars and had twin sons named Romulus and Remus, the founders of Rome.

Roman Gods Facts for Kids LearningMole
A photo of the god Jupiter and the goddesses Juno

We hope you enjoyed learning more things about Roman gods as much as we loved teaching you about them. Now that you know how majestic this historical culture is, you can move on to learn about ancient people, mythology and religions like: Anglo-Saxons, Roman Life, The Inuit, The Anglo Saxons, Vikings, Viking Warriors, Celts, Egyptians, Mystical Creatures, Minotaur, Ogres, Midas, Mermaids, 12 Olympians, Celtic Mythology, Zodiac Myths, Cats in Egyptian Mythology, Snakes in Egyptian Mythology, Greek Mythology Books, Greek Mythology Stories, Hideous Creatures, Medusa, Athena, Egyptian Gods, Greek Gods, God of Fire in Egypt and Legendary Norse Mythology.

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