Fact Number One: There was an Anglo Saxon King so successful they called him Alfred The Great
King Alfred the Great is one of the most well-known English kings of all time. He was King from 879 until his death in 899. He is the only English king to ever be given the title of ‘the great’. What made him so great?
He successfully defended his kingdom, Wessex, from the Vikings when he was only 21. He developed his own currency and he helped to make Anglo-Saxon towns stronger so they would not be attacked by Vikings. He was seen as a strong and fair leader, both great things for a king to be.
Fact Number Two: The Anglo Saxons created a tapestry that was almost 230 feet long
The Bayeux tapestry is a true work of art but it isn’t actually a tapestry, it’s a huge work of embroidery. The Anglo-Saxons were very good at embroidery! They created the longest tapestry in the world which depicts the Roman conquest of England and the battle of Hastings in 1066. The pictures were probably drawn by men but all that stitching was done by women. That’s a lot of stitching!
There are a lot of interesting things on the Bayeux tapestry such as Hayley’s Comet. This comet only appears in the sky every 75 years and had never been shown in pictures before the tapestry was made.
Fact Number Three: The Anglo Saxons named England
When the Anglo-Saxons first arrived in Britain, England didn’t exist yet. The place that would become England was home to four kingdoms, the largest was Mercia.
When England was created it was named the Land of the Angles meaning the Anglo-Saxons. Then it changed to be Engla Land and then later it was shortened to England.
Fact Number Four: The Anglo Saxons were also famers
The Anglo Saxons are known for their fierce warriors but they were also farmers. The Anglo-Saxons lived off the land and grew their own food.
The Anglo-Saxons grew grain to make bread and porridge. They grew vegetables and kept animals for milk and meat. They didn’t like to waste anything so they used animal fat to light their lamps.
They also loved a good party and would roast meat on a fire, eat bread, and enjoy music and stories late into the night.
Fact Number Five: One of the most important archeological sites in the UK is an Anglo Saxon gravesite
A man called Basil Brown was an amateur archeologist who made the discovery of a lifetime in 1939. He found one of the most important archeological sites ever found in the UK. The site was called Sutton Hoo and would reveal a very interesting Anglo Saxon gravesite.
The site revealed the outline of a burial ship and a trove of Anglo Saxon treasures that would tell us so much about how they lived. The burial chamber contained gold, silver, and a beautiful Anglo-Saxon helmet.
We don’t know who was buried there but it might have even been an Anglo-Saxon king because of the fancy jewels that were buried with the body.