Lava Facts for Kids – 5 Valuable Facts about Lava

Avatar of Youstina Zakhary
Updated on: Educator Review By: Michelle Connolly

Lava is so dangerous for all of the living creatures. Let’s learn five valuable lava facts for kids.

Lava Facts for Kids Fact Number 1: Volcano

Lava is molten rock that comes out of a volcano. It is formed when the Earth’s crust melts and becomes liquid due to the intense heat and pressure caused by the movement of tectonic plates and the rising magma from the Earth’s mantle. Lava can be made of different types of rocks, such as basalt and granite, depending on the composition of the magma and the volcano.

Lava Facts for Kids Fact Number 2: Solidification

When lava cools and hardens, it turns into rock. This process is called solidification, and it can happen quickly or slowly depending on the temperature and viscosity of the lava. The rock formed from lava is called igneous rock, which can be further classified into different types such as extrusive and intrusive rocks depending on how the solidification happened. Different types of igneous rocks have different properties and can be used for different things, such as building materials, sculptures, and jewelry.

Lava Facts for Kids
A volcano erupting at night

Lava Facts for Kids Fact Number 3: Toxic Gases

Lava can be very hot, reaching temperatures of over 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit. This is hot enough to melt most metals and can cause serious burns to people and animals. Lava can also release toxic gases such as sulfur dioxide and carbon dioxide, which can be dangerous to breathe in.

Lava Facts for Kids LearningMole
Volcanic eruption in close up photography

Lava Facts for Kids Fact Number 4: Lava Fountains

Lava can flow down a volcano’s slope, and can also shoot out of a volcano in a fiery eruption. Lava flows can move quickly or slowly, and can travel for many miles before solidifying. Eruptions can be explosive and dangerous, sending ash and rock fragments into the air, creating ash clouds and ash falls. Lava fountains and lava bombs can also be formed during explosive eruptions.

Lava Facts for Kids Fact Number 5: Destroy Homes and Buildings

Lava can be dangerous to people and animals, and can damage or destroy homes and buildings. Lava flows can bury or burn everything in their path, and eruptions can cause ash falls, landslides, and tsunamis. It’s important for people living near volcanoes to be aware of the hazards and have an emergency plan in case of an eruption. Scientists and volcanologists monitor volcanoes and issue warnings to the public to help minimize the impact of volcanic eruptions.

We hope you enjoyed learning more things about lava as much as we loved teaching you about them. Now that you know how majestic our Earth is, you can move on to learn about other natural disasters like: Tsunamis and Tectonic Plates.

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