Not only “Pyramids” They’re 1 of The wonders of the world

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The Pyramids of Giza
The Pyramids and Sphinx of Giza
Monuments are  buildings, structures, or sites that have a historical importance or interest. Egypt is famous for its monuments. Monuments of Ancient Egypt are very valuable. Visitors all over the world come to see it. 
There are more than 100 remaining pyramids but the most famous is the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt. Most of the pyramids were built as tombs. Tombs were built by the Egyption for dead people.

Who are Ancient Egyptians?
Ancient Egypt was one of the most powerful civilizations in the history of the world. It lasted for over 3000 years. The Ancient Egyption lived  around the Nile river. They grew many crops along the Nile river. The Nile river was the source of prosperity and improvement. The Nile river provided them with food, water and transportation.
The Ancient Egyptians built the pyramids to become tombs.They believed that there was an afterlife.The pharaohs of Egypt were often buried in the pyramids .They buried their valuable treasure and food with them. 
 

 

Pyramids of Giza :

The most famous Egyptian pyramids are those found at Giza, on the outskirts of Cairo.Giza is the third-largest Egyptian city, behind Cairo and Alexandria. It’s considered an important city because of its historical monuments. Tourists come to visit this north African country.
The ancient Egyptian glorification of life after death made them build the pyramids to be their own place. The Great Pyramids of Giza are some of the most magnificent man-made structures in history. The ancient Egyptians built pyramids from 2700 BC until around 1700 BC. 
The first pyramid was erected during the Third Dynasty. Most were built during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods.The pyramids were mostly made of limestone. They were built over mere decades for three pharaohs who were father, son, and grandson.The pharaohs were buried in.
 

 

The Great Pyramid “Pyramid of Khufu”:

The Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Khufu) is the oldest and largest of the pyramids in the Giza pyramid.It tooked about 20 years to build it.The Great Pyramid of Giza is the one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.It’s core is made of yellowish limestone blocks. Ancient Egyption used about 2.3 million stone blocks to build the pyramid
The stones reflected the Sun’s light so well that the Egyptians called the Pyramid ‘Ikhet’, meaning the “Glorious Light”. 
The Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made building in the world for thousands of years. It’s 146.5 metres (481 feet). It has shrunk by about 25 feet. UNESCO considered the pyramid of Khufu to be a little bit shorter than the Washington Monument in Washington, D.C.
The pyramid was built as a tomb for the Fourth Dynasty Egyptian pharaoh Khufu and it is estimated that it was built in the 26th century BC.The Great Pyramid contains three burial chambers that were intended to house Khufu and the litany of goods and treasures he would take with him in the afterlife.

Who is king Khufu?
He was an important king who ruled Egypt during the ancient Egyption period. He ruled Egypt from 2589 B.C to 2256 B.C . He was the son of King Seneferu and Queen Hetephere. He became the second King of Egypt after his father. He built the great Pyramid for him and his family. He believed that there is life after death so he thought that the pyramid was his gate to paradise.

Pyramid of Khafre:
The Pyramid of Khafre is the second-tallest and second-largest of the Pyramids. It was completed in 2570 BC for king Khufu’s son. The third pharaoh of the 4th Dynasty during the Old Kingdom Period of Ancient Egypt. 
While the Great Pyramid of Giza is the tallest one, the Pyramid of Khafre appears to be taller that’s because Khafre’s pyramid was built atop bedrock that is 33 feet higher than the foundation below Khufu’s pyramid.
The pyramid of Khafre is about 100 feet taller than the Statue of Liberty. It is made of limestone blocks like the Great Pyramid. There are two chambers along with two entrances that lead to the burial chamber.

Who is Khafre?
He was an ancient Egyptian king of the 4th Dynasty during the Old Kingdom. He was the son of Khufu and the successor of Djedefre.Khafre built the second Pyramid. Khafre had several wives and he had at least 12 sons and 3 or 4 daughters.  

Pyramid of Menkaure:
It is the third and smallest pyramid of the main pyramids in Giza. It was built in the fourth dynasty. Menkaure’s pyramid had a height of 65.5 meters (215 feet). This pyramid is the exact same height of the Sydney Opera House. It’s the final resting place of king Khufu’s grandson. 
Menkaure’s reign hasn’t been defined, so the pyramid’s date of construction is still unknown. The inner core was made of limestone.

Who is Menkaure?
Menkaure was the son of Khafre and the grandson of Khufu. was an ancient Egyptian king of the fourth dynasty during the Old Kingdom. He became famous for his pyramid Menkaure. 

The Sphinx:
Sphinx stands on the Giza Plateau on the west bank of the Nile in Giza, Egypt. It is considered the oldest monumental sculpture in Egypt.
Sphinx is a mythical creature statue made of limestone. Sphinx has the head of a man, and the body of a lion. It’s face appears to represent the pharaoh Khafre. His nose is broken. It measures 73 m (240 feet) long from paw to tail, and 20 m (66 feet) high from the base to the top of the head. 
Egyptologists and archaeologists don’t know till now who the real constructor of Sphinx was. Sphinx was built under the reign of Khafre during the Old Kingdom’s 4th Dynasty so they think that King Khafre was the constructor.The Sphinx was built thousands of years before the Pyramids.

What activity can you do in the pyramids and sphinx?
  • You can ride camels and horses.
  • Visit the pyramids.
  • Fly kites.
  • Take photos.
  • See the sun sets

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