“A” and “An” for Kids

A and An

There are 26 letters in the English Alphabet, they are classified into two parts: consonants and vowels. Vowel letters are “a, e, i, o, u” and sometimes y. The other letters in the alphabet are called consonants.

A / An
A / An

We use articles (a /an) before singular nouns:

  • We put “a” to singular nouns beginning with a consonant such as: a car, a girl, a bike, a zoo, a dog, etc.
  • We put “an” to singular nouns beginning with a vowel such as :an elephant, an egg, an apple, an igloo, an umbrella, etc.
  • We put “a” to singular nouns beginning with a consonant sound such as : a user ( when the first letter “ u “ sounds like ‘yoo’, so ‘a’ is used) a university, a uniform, etc.
  • We put “an” to nouns starting with silent “h”: an hour
  • We put “a” to nouns starting with a pronounced “h” such as: a horse.

Usage

Vowels
Vowels

Vowels are  “a, e, i, o, u” and sometimes y.

We use ‘an’ before a noun that begins with a vowel.

– Let’s take some examples:

  • an ant
  • an egg
  • an ice cream
  • an owl
  • an umbrella

Consonants are the other Letters in the Alphabet

 
Consonants
Consonants

We Use ‘a’ before Nouns that begin with a Consonant.

Let’s take some examples:

  • a tree
  • a bag
  • a cat
  • a mat
  • a hen

We use a and an with singular nouns. We use a before a consonant sound and an before a vowel sound. We use “a” or “an” not by the spelling but by the sound of the word.

  • If the word begins with a consonant sound, we use a, and if it begins with a vowel sound, we use an.

For Example:

  • a universal
  • a European
  • a unicorn
  • a university
  • a uniform
  • an hour
  • an honest
 
Let's practice
Let’s practice

Complete the following with A / An:

  • ..a..man
  • ..a..hat
  • ..a..lamp
  • ..a..teacher
  • ..a..cat
  • ..a..book
  • ..an..hour
  • ..an..Egyptian
  • ..a..plane
  • ..a..pencil
  • ..an..eraser
  • ..an..octopus
  • ..an.. apple
  • ..an..egg
  • ..an..island
  • ..an..article
  • ..an..umbrella
  • ..an..hour
  • ..a..hamburger
  • ..a..hall
  • ..a..hat
  • ..a..dog
  • ..a..rabbit
  • ..a..Euro
  • ..a..unicycle
  • ..a..union,
  • ..a..unique
  • ..a..united
  • ..a..university
  • ..a..user
  • ..a..unicorn
  • ..an.. honesty
  • ..a…board
  • ..an..owl
  • ..an..umbrella
  • ..an..hour
  • ..an..honor
  • ..an..heir
  • ..an..heirloom
  • ..a..hacksaw
  • ..a..horse
  • ..a..house
  • ..an..umbrella
  • ..an..igloo
  • ..an..ant
  • ..an..egg
  • ..an..ice cream

Choose ( a – an ) :

1- This is ( a – an ) elephant.

2- That is ( a – an ) poster.

3- This is ( a – an ) apple.

4- It is ( a – an ) pencil.

5- That is ( a – an ) board.

6- It is ( a – an ) diamond.

7- That is ( a – an ) box.

8- This is ( a – an ) dog.

9- That is ( a – an ) marker.

10- It is ( a – an ) wastebasket.

11- It is  ( a – an ) globe.

12- That is ( a – an ) crayon.

13- It is ( a – an ) orange.

14- It is ( a – an ) ant.

15- It is ( a – an ) eye.

16- It is ( a – an ) notebook.

17- It is ( a – an ) eraser.

18- It is ( a – an ) pen.

19- It is ( a – an ) doll.

20- It is ( a – an ) book.

21- This is ( a – an ) cat.

22- This is ( a – an ) article.

23- This is ( a – an ) rabbit.

24- This is ( a – an ) egg.

25- This is ( a – an ) island.

26- This is ( a – an ) horse.

27- It is ( a – an ) ice cream.

28- It is ( a – an ) house.

29- It is ( a – an ) plane.

30- It is ( a – an ) octopus.

Answers:

1- an    2- a    3- an    4- a     5- a    6- a    7- a    8- a    9- a    10- a   11- a    12- a     13- an   

14- an     15- an    16- a    17- an    18- a    19- a    20- a   21- a   22- an     23- a     24- an

25- an    26- a     27- an     28- a    29- a     30- an

Complete with A / An:

1- This is…………..door.

2- That is…………finger.

3- This is……………knee.

4- It is………………church

5- That is …………..insect.

6- It is………………tractor.

7- That is……………girl.

8- This is……………dress.

9- That is…………color.

10- It is …………..letter.

11- It is……………school.

12- That is………ear.

13- It is ………….flag.

14- It is…………..curtain.

15- It is …………..umbrella.

16- It is …………..newspaper.

17- This is………….woman.

18- It is…………..rubber.

19- This is………….tape.

20- This is………….record.

21- This is………….flower.

22- This is………….dog.

23- It is…………… book.

24- It is……………pen.

25- It is……………eraser.

26- It is……………ruler.

27- She is ………. nurse.

28- He is ……………engineer.

29- He is ……….. doctor.

30- It is ………. bird.

Answer: 

1- a     2- a    3- a     4- a     5- an     6- a     7- a     8-  a      9- a     10- a      11- a       12- an   13- a

14- a    15- an    16- a     17- a     18- a      19- a       20- a     21- a      22- a        23- a       24- a

25- an     26- a      27- a      28- an       29- a        30- a

Let’s Read the Sentences Together:

1- She is a nurse.

2- My father is a doctor.

3- I have a brother.

4- She is a great woman.

5- Mariam is a good student.

6- This is a table.

7- It’s a frog.

8- This is a sharpener.

9- This is an umbrella.

10- He has a ball.

11- She is eating an apple.

12- I have a banana.

13- A cow is a useful animal.

14- She doesn’t own a car.

15- I saw a bear at the zoo.

16- Mazen is a good student.

17- I have only an hour for lunch.

18- He is an excellent engineer.

19- So owns a car.

20- She is an actor.

21- I saw an Englishman.

22- I’m an engineer.

23- Sara saw an eagle in the window.

24- Dina read a book.

25- A man drove the car too fast.

26- Lily bought an umbrella.

27- Mohmed ate an orange.

28- Mina wants an ice cream cone.

29- I went to a restaurant.

30- Let’s play a game.

Let’s Remember:

There are 26 letters in the English Alphabet, they are classified into two parts: consonants and vowels.

We use articles ( a / an ) before singular nouns. We use ‘an’ before a noun that begins with a vowel and use “a” with the other letters in the alphabet, which are called consonants.

  • A cat.

  • An igloo.

  • A doll.

  • An ice cream

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