There are many of the 90’s inventions that made 1990 better. Before knowing what these inventions are, let’s first understand what invention means and who inventors are. An invention is a remarkable or new device or equipment, method, composition, or process. The invention process is a process of engineering and product development. It may be the development of a machine, product, or a new procedure for creating an object or a result.
Moreover, the invention that achieves a superior function or result may be a revolutionary breakthrough. Such processes are new and not very obvious to further people skilled in the same field. Thus, an inventor takes a big step toward success or failure as he may achieve his goal or forget it.
However, the inventor is the person who creates or discovers an invention. The word inventor comes from the Latin verb invenire, which means to find. The process of inventing is most probably associated with science and engineering, but inventors are not necessarily engineers or scientists.
The inventors always record their invention’s privileges. Governments established the system of patents to encourage inventors by granting limited-term, a limited monopoly on designs determined to be completely new and not famous.
Furthermore, a patent legally protects the inventor’s intellectual property rights and lawfully recognises that a specific invention is an invention by putting the conditions of the design. These conditions for patenting an invention vary according to the country. Hence, the process of obtaining a patent is often expensive.
Additionally, there is another meaning of an invention, which is a cultural invention. It is a creative set of proper social behaviours adopted by people and passed on to others over decades. An invention is also the main component of artistic and design creativity. Inventions usually exceed the boundaries of human knowledge, experience, and capacity.
There are four types of inventions, which are Scientific-technological, Socio-political, Humanistic, and Cultural. The first type is Scientific-technological invention, which includes railroads, aviation, vaccination, hybridisation, antibiotics, astronautics, the atomic bomb, the Internet, and intelligent devices.
The second type is Socio-political inventions, which include new laws, institutions, and procedures that change social behaviours and establish new forms of human interactions and organisations. The third type is Humanistic inventions, a new idea which includes attitudes, behaviours, cultural practices, and forms of creative cooperation.
The last type is Cultural inventions that have sets of conduct adopted by groups of people, passed on to others within or outside it and then passed on to future groups and generations.
Moreover, inventions had an enormous influence on human life over the decades. Because new creations, such as processes, medicines, and devices, have crucial advantages for society. They help people all over the world to live longer, healthier, and more productive lives. They also provide new methods to build, move, communicate, learn, understand and play.
What are the 90s inventions?
World Wide Web
It is considered the greatest invention that happened in the 90s century. The world has changed with the birth of the Internet, and we can not live without it. No one can doubt that the World Wide Web makes the world much closer. The World Wide Web is considered one of the earliest internet services and email providers.
The main idea of the World Wide Web “WWW” was to connect the evolving technologies of computers and data networks. In 1989, Sir Tim Berness-Lee invented the World Wide Web while working at CERN, “the European Organization for Nuclear Research”. CERN is a laboratory that includes more than 17,000 scientists worldwide.
Lee wanted to create an effective means to share information. The British scientist Lee realised that millions of people used computers, which were being linked together through the Internet. He recognised that he could share information by using a technology that is called hypertext. A search structure relied on keywords because there were no search engines.
This invention had conceived to meet the demand for automated information sharing between scientists in institutes and universities worldwide. Lee invented the three founding technologies for the web: HTML, URI, and HTTP, which we still use. At the end of 1990, he created the first webpage. The browser gives all information that the users want, Software that allows anyone to find webpages within the website.
By 1991, Berners-Lee released his WWW software, which contained Web server software and a library for developers. This Software became known to colleagues who used CERN computers. A few months later, he declared the WWW software on Internet newsgroups. In a short time, WWW spread around the world. The browser also helps allowed access to the web through a wide variety of operating systems and devices. It will enable anyone to enter the web by clicking and moving from one website to another.
Here are some of the 90s Websites that are still working
- The San Francisco Fog Cam
- Space Jam
- CNN’s OJ Simpson Trial Page
- Three Rivers Stadium
The Adobe Photoshop
The following invention of the 90’s innovations is Adobe Photoshop. Adobe Company for Windows and Microsoft developed and published this type of Photoshop. It is a raster graphics editor.
Moreover, Thomas and John Knoll firstly created Adobe Photoshop at the beginning of the nineties. John sold the program to Adobe Systems. Since then, Software has not become the most important and famous industry only in raster graphics editing but digital art as a whole.
Adobe Photoshop edits and forms raster images in multiple layers and supports masks, alpha compositing, and several colour models containing RGB, CMYK, CIELAB, spot colour, and duotone. Besides, Adobe Photoshop has limited abilities to edit and deliver graphics skillfully as 3D graphics and video.
Furthermore, Adobe Photoshop has many features. The first feature is the Clone Stamp. It allows people to copy pixels from one area of an image and paste them into another space in the picture, which is reasonable for fixing damaged images. The second feature is the History Brush, which helps to revert a photo to its original state. It is sound for undoing mistakes.
The third feature is the Blur. It blurs the pixels in images to make them less distinguished. Editors use Blur to create a soft, natural look or reduce the appearance of wrinkles and other imperfections. The fourth feature is the Sharpen, which is unlike Blur. It makes pixels more distinguished. It is proper for making an image appear more transparent or creating a sad and dramatic effect.
The fifth feature is the Sponge Tool. It absorbs and releases colour from an image, which helps in correcting colours that are too light or too dark. The sixth feature is Dodge and Burn. Editors use them to lighten or darken some areas in an image. They also use them in retouching to make subjects appear more defined.
Finally, there are many versions of Adobe Photoshop that have evolved over decades:
- CS (version 8)
- CS2 (version 9)
- CS3 (version 10)
- CS4 (version 11)
The Text Messaging
The following invention of the 90’s innovations we will introduce in this article is texting. It is the method of writing and sending electronic messages consisting of alphabetic letters and numbers between two or more users of mobile devices, laptops, or other types of suitable computers. Moreover, people send text messages through cellular networks and the Internet.
People sent the first text transmitted from a computer on 3 December 1992 by Neil Papworth, a young software programmer. He sent it from a computer because mobile devices were not able to send texts at that time. Nowadays, people transmit around 18.7 billion text messages worldwide every day.
The term refers to messages people send using the Short Message Service (SMS). The Telecom engineers developed the alphanumeric text as it includes multimedia messages using the Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS). Moreover, it contains digital images, videos, and sound content, nicely as ideograms called emojis.
People text messages for many practical purposes. However, some of these purposes are useful, and some are harmful. First, we will introduce some benefits of texting. The most significant use of text messages is that they allow people to communicate with each other wherever they are without interrupting them in the way that a phone call would do.
Besides, sending a text to arrange where to meet somebody is snappy and efficient communication. Thus, texting is considered a very cheap way of touch among people at any time and in all places. Second, we will introduce some disadvantages of texting. Some people replay fast, while others take a long period to respond to a message, and others reply in seconds.
Some people always require a fast reply to their messages, but in reality, people are busy, which means delayed responses. Moreover, many people spend several hours on the Internet, which may lead to mental issues such as isolation and insomnia. Besides, compared to phone calls and face-to-face meetings, the process of texting is impersonal because people share their personal information on the Internet.
However, texting may lead to misunderstanding as it lacks verbal tone, facial expressions, eye contact, and body language. The brief responses and one-word answers can also easily show people as rude without intending to be.
The following invention of the 90′ innovations we will discuss in this article is the PlayStation. Sony Computer Entertainment created a home video game console and called it PlayStation. The company first released it in Japan on 3 December 1994, North America on 9 September 1995, Europe on 29 September 1995, and Australia on 15 November 1995.
The technological engineer Ken Kutaragi and Sony Computer Entertainment in Japan designed this console. Then, some programmers added some developments in the United Kingdom. These programmers placed 3D polygon graphics at the forefront of the console’s design.
However, the PlayStation proved its popularity with its extensive game library, popular franchises, low price, and vast youth marketing, which advertised it as the preferable console for adults and children. The Premier PlayStation games included Gran Turismo, Crash Bandicoot, Tomb Raider, and Final Fantasy.
Sony continued to sell PlayStation games until it ceased the production of the PlayStation and its games on 23 March 2006. Sony released a total of 3,061 PlayStation games with sales of 967 million over eleven years.
Sony Company is considered the pioneer of the PlayStation because of its rise in the video game industry. It became the first computer entertainment Company to sell over 100 million units.
Moreover, here is a list of the versions of PlayStation:
- PlayStation One
- PlayStation Two
- PlayStation Three
- PlayStation Four
- PlayStation Five
The following invention of the 90’s innovations we will introduce is Google. In 1996, Sergey Brin and Larry Page created Back Rubik’s search engine. They did it as a research project at Stanford University to find files on the Internet.
Later, Larry and Sergey decided to change the name of their search engine and chose Google, which came from the term googol. Moreover, the headquarters of the company is in Mountain View, California.
It was a rapid growth as the company made its first public offering in 2004 and quickly became one of the world’s largest media companies. In 2002, the company created and launched Google News, Gmail in 2004, Google Maps in 2and 005, and Google Chrome in 2008.
Besides, Google became the main subsidiary company of the leading company Alphabet In 2015. Furthermore, Google has many partnerships with NASA, AOL, Sun Microsystems, News Corporation, Sky UK, and others.
Google provides many benefits for users because, during these periods, most people turn to the Internet for help on many things, especially in studies, jobs, and business. Besides, social networks and the Internet have a comprehensive system that makes it suitable and sufficient for each one who needs a more profound explanation about something.
Hence, Google is one of the main sites that several people usually like to use as a guideline, ideas, and most important source of information.
The following invention of the 90’s innovations is the DVD. The word DVD is an abbreviation for Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc. It is a disc that stores an enormous amount more data than a standard compact disc. People use DVDs for storing and viewing movies and other data.
The DVD can store up to 4.7 GB of data, more than six times the storage of a CD. Likewise, DVDs have interactive menus and bonus privileges, such as alternative or deleted scenes and commentaries. Although CDs and DVDs are the exact sizes, they store different amounts of data. Nonetheless, DVDs are like CDs; people run them with a laser. Moreover, the manufacturers made these discs of the same materials and followed the same production techniques.
Furthermore, a DVD has many layers of plastic. All these layers have a thickness of 1.2 millimetres. Nowadays, manufacturers use new types of plastic to resist very high and low temperatures. They add aluminium behind the inner layers and semi-reflective gold covers to the outer layers. Thus, this helps the laser to concentrate through the outer layers onto the inner ones. Then, after they apply a protective liquid and press the layers, they treat the discs with infrared light.
However, today’s newer computers do not have DVD drives. To determine if a computer has a DVD drive, the person must examine the front of the computer. The front of the computer must have a tray or slot that opens to read a DVD. If there is no DVD drive, the person must examine computer drives to see if the operating system lists a disc drive.
Finally, The DVDs have one or two sides and one or two layers of data per side. Hence, the number of sides and layers determines how much it can store.
Here is a list of the storage of the DVDs:
DVD-5: single-sided, single layer, with 4.7 (GB)
DVD-9: single-sided, double layer, with 8.5 GB
DVD-10: double-sided, single layer on both sides, with 9.4 GB
DVD-14: double-sided, double layer on one side, single layer on the other, with 13.3 GB
DVD-18: double-sided, double layer on both sides, with17.1 GB
The final invention of the 90’s innovations is Nokia. It is a Finnish multinational company that appeared on 12 May 1865 as a single paper factory. During the 19th century, the company expanded and opened new branches with many additional products, such as cable, paper products, rubber boots, tires, televisions, and mobile phones. In 1967, the founders the Nokia established the company.
In the late 20th century, the company benefited from the increasing popularity of computers and mobile phones. However, the rising competition and other market factors caused changes in Nokia’s business arrangements. In 2014, Microsoft bought Nokia’s mobile phone business.
During the nineties, Nokia’s started its transition to a primary focus on telecommunications. Moreover, people made the first GSM call in 1991 using Nokia equipment. By 1998, the Rapid success in the mobile phone sector made Nokia the world’s best-selling mobile phone company. Nokia Company developed over time. In 2003, Nokia created the first camera phone.
In 2011, Nokia entered into a strategic partnership with Microsoft to face the rising competition from IOS. In 2016, the Nokia Company returned to the mobile market through a licensing agreement with HMD Global, giving them the privilege of offering phones under the Nokia brand.
At last, here is a list of models of Nokia’s products:
- Nokia 9 Pure View
- Nokia X71
- Nokia 8 Sirocco
- Nokia T 2o
- Nokia Smart Feature OS