10 Amazing Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt

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Updated on: Educator Review By: Michelle Connolly

Meet the Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddess

The Egyptians believed that the phenomena of nature were divine forces in and of themselves. These deified forces included elements, animal characteristics, or abstract forces. The Egyptians believed in a pantheon of Gods and Goddesses,

 Which were involved in all aspects of nature and human society? Their religious practices were efforts to sustain and placate these phenomena and turn them to human advantage. The system was very complex,

 Some deities were believed to exist in many manifestations and some had multiple mythological roles. Conversely, many natural forces, such as the sun, were associated with multiple deities.

The Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses were very different from the gods and goddesses in other ancient civilizations. Animal heads, green bodies, false beards: in the ancient world around the Mediterranean, most civilizations had gods and goddesses that looked like people, at least sort of like people.

This was not the same in Ancient Egypt; it was fairly easy to spot gods and goddesses in drawings, hieroglyphics, statues, paintings, and other works of art. They could be recognized by the objects they carried and how they looked. Some Gods and Goddesses carried an ankh (symbol of life) and some gods and goddesses carried the scepter of power.

And for that Ancient Egyptian religion was a complex system of polytheistic beliefs and rituals that formed an integral part of Ancient Egyptian culture. Where it centered on the Egyptians’ interactions with many deities that were believed to be present in and leading, the world.

Rituals such as prayer and offerings were provided to the gods and goddesses to gain their favor. Formal religious practices were centered on the pharaohs, the rulers of Egypt, who were believed to possess divine powers by their positions.

Ancient Egyptians acted as intermediaries between their people and the Gods and Goddesses and were obligated to sustain the gods through rituals and offerings so that they could maintain Ma’at, the order of the cosmos, and repel Isfet, which was chaos.

The state dedicated enormous resources to religious rituals and the construction of temples. Where the individuals could interact with the Gods and Goddesses for their purposes, appealing for help through prayer or compelling the gods and goddesses to act through magic. These practices were distinct from but closely linked with, the formal rituals and institutions.

 Egyptian belief in the afterlife and the importance of funerary practices is evident in the great efforts made to ensure the survival of their souls after death – via the provision of tombs, grave goods, and offerings to preserve the bodies and spirits of the deceased.

The religion had its roots in Egypt’s prehistory and lasted for 3,500 years. The details of religious beliefs changed over time as the importance of particular gods and goddesses rose and others declined, and their intricate relationships shifted.

At various times, certain gods and goddesses became preeminent over the others, including the sun god Ra, the creator god, Amun, and the mother goddess, Isis. For a brief period, in the theology promulgated by the pharaoh Akhenaten, a single god, the Aten, replaced the traditional pantheon.

Ancient Egyptian religion and mythology left behind many writings and monuments, along with significant influences on ancient and modern cultures. And by the time the diverse pantheon ranged from gods and goddesses with vital roles in the universe to minor deities or “demons” with very limited or localized functions.

It could include gods and goddesses adopted from foreign cultures, deceased pharaohs believed to be divine, and occasionally, distinguished commoners such as Imhotep became deified. The gods and goddesses of Ancient Egypt were an integral part of the people’s everyday lives.

And we need to mention the goddess Qebhet, for example, who is a little-known deity who offered cool water to the souls of the dead as they awaited judgment in the afterlife, and another is Seshat who was the goddess of written words and specific measurements overshadowed by Thoth, who is the better-known god of writing and patron of scribes.

It is not surprising then that there were over 2,000 deities in the Egyptian pantheon. The more famous Gods and Goddesses became state deities while others were associated with a specific region in some cases.

The god Ra made the land. Ra was lonely, so he made a wife. He named her Nut. Ra made many gods and goddesses to keep him company. He put them all to work. His children were very busy running the world. Still, they took time out to have children, because children were glorious to have!

Soon, there were many gods and goddesses. Ra was the father or the grandfather or the great-grandfather of them all! All children are glorious, but to Ra, one child was especially important. That child was his grandson, Osiris. Osiris had a brother named Set. Ra thought Set was a good one, but his favorite by far was Osiris.

To show Osiris how much he was loved, Ra made Osiris the first Pharaoh of Egypt. Osiris married Isis, his one true love, and the king (Osiris) and queen (Isis) settled down quite happily with their son (prince) Horus.

Set was jealous. And he thoughtWhy should Osiris be named Pharaoh and not him?” In a fit of anger, Set killed his brother Osiris and chopped him into little pieces. He threw the pieces into the Nile River. Set was sure he would get away with this murder. But soon rumors spread and everyone knew what he had done. Isis soon heard what Set had done.

Isis managed to gather the pieces of her beloved Osiris. She brought these pieces to her good friend Anubis, the jackal-headed god. Anubis was very clever. He managed to put the pieces of Osiris together again.

But he did not have the power to bring him back to life so that Osiris could retake his place beside his beloved, Isis, and rule Egypt again.

When the great Ra heard about it, he was furious. He gave Osiris a new job and an even better job. He made Osiris the god of the dead, which was the most important job of all. Osiris could rule over the land of the dead after he was dead himself.

He would have to be dead to enter the land of the dead. So, things worked out very well, or so Ra believed. When the young prince Horus heard what his uncle Set had done, although he was still only a boy, he tracked down his uncle Set and murdered him.

Isis was grateful to her friend Anubis, her son Horus, and her grandfather Ra. But nothing could bring Osiris back to life. He would dwell forever in the land of the dead, and she would live forever in the land of the living.

Isis knew that she would never see her beloved husband again. In honor of the god Osiris, the kings (pharaohs) of Egypt carry a crook and a flail and the signs of Osiris. The crook especially became the sign of rulers.

The crook looked a great deal like a snake and was made from wood. They used wood because wood was scarce. That made it even more special. From then on, once each year, Isis travels to the riverbank.

Remembering, dreaming, and crying. Tears fall from her eyes. Ancient Egyptian people thought that is why the Nile River rises each year, to bring life to everyone and everything along the Nile. When Isis cries, the Nile will rise! And that is a critical thing.

Ancient Egyptians’ Gods and Goddesses

The Ancient Egyptians were fascinating people. They were clever and creative. They worked very hard but saved time to enjoy family, friends, music, parties, swimming, fishing, hunting, sailing, and especially their children, all of which were critical to the Ancient Egyptians.

Let us know more about the life of Gods and Goddesses together. – Come meet the clever, creative ancient people who loved their life in the land of the Nile River!

Five thousand (5,000) years ago, the Ancient Egyptian made their home at the mouth of the Nile River, where the Nile runs into the Mediterranean Sea. It was a wonderful place to live. The soil was rich.

The food was plentiful. They were surrounded by desert, which helped to keep them safe from intruders, while the Nile kept their world green. The Ancient Egyptians believed in over 2,000 Gods and Goddesses. They were not afraid of their gods, not most of them anyway., from

They understood they could not always get everything they prayed for. But, from their funny attitudes toward their Gods and Goddesses, when their prayers were not answered, they might give the statue of Gods and Goddesses in the temple a little whack with a reed to let the gods know they were quite disappointed.

The Ancient Egyptians believed in curses and omens and magical powers, all of which were an important part of their daily life and religion. They bought spells in the marketplace to increase their luck, change their fate, and keep themselves safe.

They tried to solve their problems using all possible methods available to them. They believed science and magic were intertwined. Furthermore, they would chant a magical spell they bought in the marketplace and swallow medicine they bought from a different vendor to solve the same problem.

The strange thing was that what they were doing often solved their daily problems, even though it might have been just medicine, magic, or other things they were resorting to using. When the Ancient Greeks and then the Romans came to Egypt, they were amazed at how advanced the Egyptians were in the sciences, especially in astronomy, mathematics, and cures.

The Ancient Egyptians also believed in an afterlife. To the extent that a popular family outing was visiting the family tomb with armloads of grave goods they had made, things they might need in their afterlife to make their eternity comfortable and fun.

The Ancient Egyptians believed that after someone died, his sole spirit flew off to enjoy endless, perfect days along the magical Nile River. At night, the sole spirit returned to its tomb, because even mummies require a good night’s sleep.

The Ancient Egyptians were fascinating people; the Ancient Egyptians were not in love with death. They were in love with life! They loved poetry and tall tales and stories. Not only that, but they shivered at curses and danced at festivals. They loved their kids.

They loved their families. Furthermore, they loved their life along their beloved Nile River, crocodiles, and all. Now, let us know more information about the Gods and Goddesses of the ancient Egyptians. We think you’ll like them.

Meet the Egyptian Gods and Goddesses!


Gods and Goddesses-Re

Re, also spelled Ra or Pra, in Ancient Egyptian religion, God of the sun and creator god. Originally, most solar gods had falcon form and were assimilated to Horus.

Ra’s most commonly attributed power is that of life or creation, including the creation of Earth, Heaven, the Underworld, and all the gods in each of the three worlds. The Egyptians believed that Ra created the seasons, plants, animals, and even humankind.

Ra is the sun god of Ancient Egypt. He is one of the oldest deities in the Egyptian pantheon and was later merged with others such as Horus, becoming Ra-Horakhty (the morning sun), Amun (as noonday sun), and Atum (the evening sun) associated with primal life-giving energy.

The god of the sun, Ra was the first pharaoh of the world, back in the days, Ra’s golden sun ship would sail across the sky, and each night it would travel through the underground world of the Duat, sailing the river of darkness, and fighting off monsters.

  Sunrise, when Ra emerged victorious again and caused a new day to begin. After many centuries, Ra became old and senile, and retreated into the heavens, giving up his throne to Osiris.

Ra was often described as the father of the gods. When Osiris was murdered by his brother Set, Ra made Osiris become the God of the Underworld. Thus, the pharaoh Osiris is the son of Ra, and after his death, his son, Horus, assumed power. According to another myth, Ra ruled on earth as Pharaoh until he became old and weary.

Ra tells Horus that his weakness is the result of him not fulfilling his destiny, which Horus believes is avenging his parents’ deaths. Later on, Ra is visited by his son, Set, questioning his favoritism for Osiris and denying him the throne and children.

The Eye of Ra is not usually associated with evil, but rather with power and violence. It was used in Ancient Egyptian culture as an amulet of protection for pharaohs, they thought it helped bring harmony


Gods and Goddesses - Osiris

Osiris is derived from the Egyptian word meaning wiser. Known as the god of fertility, agriculture, afterlife, death, resurrection, life, and vegetation in Ancient Egyptian religion.

The first son of Geb and Nut, Osiris was a wise and good pharaoh when he took over the world from Ra. Osiris taught the people everything about farming and created the first cities in Egypt.

Unfortunately, Osiris’s brother Set was jealous of him. Set tricked his brother into suggesting he should lie in a golden coffin, then sealed the coffin and cut it into pieces. Set scattered the pieces all over Egypt, and Osiris’s wife, Isis, spent years searching for them.

Eventually, Isis put her husband back together; binding him in cloth to make the first mummy, but Osiris only came partially back to life. After that, he was the god of the underworld, setting judgment over the souls of the dead. He appears as a king with blue skin and white robes.



Osiris’s wife was the goddess of magic and a clever and ambitious woman. She tricked Ra into retiring by poisoning him with a magic snake, then encouraging the old sun god to reveal his secret name, so Isis could cure him.

Once Isis knew Ra’s secret name, she could force him to do just about anything. She encouraged him to retreat into the sky, opening the throne for Osiris. Isis was the patron of magicians and loved her husband very much.

She encouraged their son Horus to take vengeance on the evil Set, who had killed Osiris. Isis is often pictured as a beautiful woman with multicolored wings.



Set is also known as Seth and Sutekh. He was the Egyptian god of war, chaos, and storms, brother of Osiris, and Horus the Elder, uncle to Horus the younger, and brother-husband to Nephthys, Isis.

His other consort was the goddess Tawaret, a hippo-headed deity who presided over fertility and childbirth. The goddess of the desert, storms, and evil. The two were the same thing. He was one mean god. His color was red, the color of sterile soil and the desert.

He was the strongest of the gods, and very tricky. He became pharaoh of Egypt after killing his brother but was later overthrown by his nephew Horus. After that, Set fled into the desert, where he controlled all the evil harsh lands outside the Nile Valley.

Set wasn’t all bad, however. In the old days, he sailed on Ra’s boat and helped defend the sun god from the armies of the chaos serpent Apep. Set is usually pictured with red skin and with the head of an unknown animal demon – part dog, part anteater, all ugly.



Geb was the Egyptian god of the earth and a mythological member of Heliopolis. He could also be considered a father of snakes. It was believed in Ancient Egypt that Geb’s laughter created earthquakes and that he allowed crops to grow.

The god of the earth, Geb was one of the first Gods and Goddesses to appear from the sea of chaos at the beginning of time. He appears as a man-made of earth, with rivers, forests, and hills across his entire body. Nut was Geb’s wife, the goddess of the sky. Yes, we know she appeared as a woman with skin like a starry sky, dark blue and covered in constellations.

She is often pictured stretching over Geb, as the sky stretches over the earth. Although Geb and Nut loved each other very much, Ra had a prophecy that their children would try to overthrow him someday, so Ra did his best to keep them apart. Despite this, Nut managed to have five children.



Shu (Su) was the god of light and air, and as such, he personified the wind and the earth’s atmosphere. As the god of light, he represented the illumination of the primordial darkness and marked the separation between day and night and between the world of the living and the world of the dead.

Nut’s father, the God of the air, while you may know of Ra, the sun god, or Osiris, the god of death and rebirth, Let us know more about Shu! He was a powerful god of the air, a god-pharaoh, the Likewise, he’s the protector. He helped determine the fates of souls after death.

Not only that but he was given the job of keeping Nut and Geb apart. This is why the sky is so far above the earth. The god of the wind stays between them, keeping his daughter from visiting her love, the earth. He is usually not pictured because he is invisible like the wind.

Nephthys Goddess

Nephthys Goddess

As the sister of Isis and wife of Set, she is a protective goddess who symbolizes the death experience, just as Isis represented the birth experience.

Nephthys was known in some Ancient Egyptian temple theologies and cosmologies as the “Helpful Goddess” or the “Excellent Goddess”.Even known as the river goddess.

 Nephthys didn’t like her husband very much, because he killed Osiris. Nephthys helped Isis collect Osiris’s pieces and bind them together. She was a kind and gentle goddess, and mother of Anubis, the god of funeral rites.



The God of the sky is Horus, Egyptian Hor, Har, or Heru. In Ancient Egyptian religion, is a god in the form of a falcon whose right eye was the sun or morning star, representing power and quintessence, and whose left eye was the moon or evening star, representing healing.

 Horus possesses the conventional powers of the Egyptian Gods and Goddesses. He has superhuman strength, stamina, and resistance to harm and causes a conventional injury. He is called the Avenger. Horus was the son of Isis and Osiris.

When he grew to manhood, he challenged Set and eventually defeated him, becoming the new pharaoh of Egypt. Afterward, all mortal pharaohs considered themselves to be the descendants of Horus. Horus’s symbol was the falcon, and he was often pictured as a man with a falcon’s head, and it became a symbol of protection.



Bastet also called Bast, is an Ancient Egyptian goddess who was worshiped in the form of a lioness and later a cat. The daughter of Ra, the sun god, Bastet was an ancient deity whose ferocious nature was ameliorated.

Bastet is the Egyptian goddess of the home, domesticity, women’s secrets, cats, fertility, and childbirth. She was associated with women and children. Cats were extremely popular in Egypt because they could kill snakes, scorpions, and other nasty creatures. Bast, the goddess of cats, was just as popular.

 Bast was a protective goddess, and people would wear amulets with her likeness for good luck, especially during the bad luck Demon Days at the end of each year. In cat form, Bast is often pictured with a knife, fighting the chaos serpent Apep. She was Ra’s faithful cat.



Sebek, also spelled Sobek, Greek Suchos, in Ancient Egyptian religion, known as the crocodile god whose chief sanctuary was in the Fay yum province. It included a live sacred crocodile, in whom the god was believed to be incarnated.

You can find a column with a carving of the crocodile god Sebek at Ombos, Egypt. Sobek was not an evil god to the Egyptians, contrary to his nature in The Red Pyramid. He was associated with Pharaonic power, fertility, and military prowess.

He was revered in Egyptian culture and was prayed for to be protected from the crocodiles that filled the Nile. The god of crocodiles was both respected and feared. Crocodiles were strong creatures.

In Ancient Egypt, an entire city was named after them: Crocodilopolis and Sobek had a temple with a lake full of crocodiles. However, crocodiles were fearsome predators, and many Egyptians were killed each year if they got too near the river.

Sobek was pictured as a crocodile-headed man. His sweat was said to have created the rivers of the world. Yuck!

Serqet: Serket Egyptian Goddess


Selket also spelled Selqet, or Serqet, in Egyptian mythology, was a goddess of the dead. Her symbolic animal was the scorpion. She was one of the underworld deities charged with protecting the Canopic jar in which the intestines of the deceased were stored after embalming.

Serqet was often shown as a woman with a scorpion on her head, and occasionally as a scorpion with the head of a woman, though this was rare.

Serqet was sometimes shown wearing the headdress of Hathor (a solar disk and cow horns) but it is thought that this has more to do with her association with Isis.

The goddess of scorpions was both good and bad. She could send scorpions after her enemies, and a single scorpion bite could kill you. On the other hand, you could pray to Sequent for protection from poison. She was pictured as a woman with a giant scorpion for a crown. She holds the ankh, the symbol of life, in one hand and a scepter, representing power, in the other.

Anubis: God of the dead and the process of embalming.


Anubis, also called Anpu, the Ancient Egyptian god of the dead, is represented by a jackal or the figure of a man with the head of a jackal. In the Early Dynastic Period and the Old Kingdom, he enjoyed a preeminent (though not exclusive) position as lord of the dead, but he was later overshadowed by Osiris.

Anubis is the god of funerals. He was one of the most important gods because he helped prepare the soul for the Afterlife and escorted the dead to the hall of judgment.

The Egyptians noticed jackals hanging around their graveyards, so they decided jackals must be Anubis’s sacred animals.

Priests even wore jackal masks when they made the pharaoh’s body into a mummy. Anubis helped Isis make Osiris into the first mummy. Anubis is usually pictured as a man with a jackal’s head, leading a departed spirit through the Duet.

Egyptian priests would wear a mask of Anubis during mummification ceremonies in general. Anubis, easily recognizable as an anthropomorphized jackal or dog, was the Egyptian god of the afterlife and mummification.

He helped judge souls after their death and guided lost souls into the afterlife. Therefore, Anubis was not evil but rather one of the most important Gods and Goddesses who kept evil out of Egypt. Anubis possesses superhuman strength; he is capable of lifting about 30 tons.

He also possesses superhuman speed. Anubis is capable of running and moving at speeds much greater than even the finest human athlete.



Bes, a minor god of Ancient Egypt, is represented as a dwarf with a large head, goggle eyes, protruding tongue, bowlegs, bushy tail, and usually a crown of feathers. The name Bes is now used to designate a group of deities of similar appearance with a wide variety of ancient names.

He is the god of dwarves, protector of households, mothers, and children. One of the ugliest and most popular gods in Ancient Egypt, Bes had the power to scare off evil spirits. He often appeared on amulets and in sculpture as a hairy little man with a lion-like mane and a pug nose.

 Egyptians believed that dwarves (and other people who were born different) were inherently magical. Bes was considered wonderful luck. He watched over the common man, children, women in childbirth, and any else who needed protection from evil.

And also, he was a widely worshiped deity in Ancient Egypt and was believed to be the deity of music, merriment, and childbirth. As such, Bes was thought to be a protector of children, and depictions of him were frequently seen in the bedrooms of Ancient Egyptian households.



Khonsuis the Ancient Egyptian god of the Moon. His name means “Traveler”, and this may relate to the perceived nightly travel of the Moon across the sky. Along with Thoth, he marked the passage of time.

Khonsu, the god of the moon, loved to gamble. He once lost five days of moonlight to the sky goddess Nut to give birth to her five children. Sometimes, Khonsu is depicted as a hawk-headed god, but more often he looks like a young man with a side-lock of hair, like an Egyptian youth. His favorite color is silver.

He was a god of the moon and time. His cult center was at Thebes, where he was part of a triad with Amun and Mut. He was one of the companions of Thoth (who was also associated with the moon and the measurement of time).



 Nekhbet is an early predynastic local goddess in Egyptian mythology, who was the patron of the city of Nekheb. Ultimately, she became the patron of Upper.

She is considered the goddess of vultures. One of the oldest goddesses of Egypt, Nekhbet was a patron of the pharaoh and is often pictured with her wings spread over the king. Her shrine was in Nekhbet, the city of the dead where she oversaw the oldest oracle in Egypt.

Like all vultures, she preyed on the dead and died. If you see Nekhbet hovering over you, start dancing! Let her know you’re still alive! Nekhbet, in Egyptian religion, was the vulture goddess who was the protector of Upper Egypt and especially its rulers.

She had several abilities. She can fly. Furthermore, she can cast magic that weakens the spirit of a person, so they slowly start to weaken and eventually die, although a powerful will, can shake off this effect. When hosting her, Percy Jackson was able to make a combat avatar, and she could shield him from Stene’s powers.



Babi, also known as Baba, in Ancient Egyptian religion, was the deification of the hamadryas baboon. It was one of the animals presented. Since Ancient Egypt. His name is usually translated as” bull of the baboons”, roughly Tawaret meaning “chief of the baboons”

Unlike the wise baboons of Thoth, Babi was the god of wild baboons, especially alpha males. He was aggressive and bloodthirsty and was given the job of eating the wicked dead in the underworld. He especially loved entrails. Yum! Babi is not a primate you want to fight.

The baboon is probably most well-known as a manifestation of the moon god, Thoth. In this role, Thoth took on the position of ‘God of the scribes’ (as we will mention), being associated with various subjects such as writing, science, judgment, knowledge, and the afterlife.

Since baboons were considered, to be the dead, Babi was viewed as a deity of the underworld. Since this judging of righteousness was an important part of the underworld, Babi was said to be the firstborn son of Osiris. He was the god of the dead in the same regions in which people believed in Babi.



In Ancient Egyptian religion, Taweret (also spelled Tart, Tuat, Tuart, Ta-were) is the protective Ancient Egyptian goddess of childbirth and fertility. Tawaret is the God of fertility. Taweret, after all, was a god of fertility, of life.

For a time, there were even several overlapping hippo deities in Ancient Egypt. It, Reset, and Hedjet all played essentially the same role as Taweret, and may even have been different aspects of the same deity.

Tawaret is the goddess of hippos. While the Egyptians feared male hippos, they saw the female hippo goddess Tawaret as a gentle protector. She looked after pregnant women, especially, and is often depicted with a swollen belly. Like Bes, she could scare off evil spirits.

The Ancient Egyptian goddess Taweret, ‘the Great One’, is depicted by scholars and in Ancient Egypt as being the protective goddess of mother and child during pregnancy and childbirth. As with many Ancient Egyptian deities, she goes by many names throughout.

Sekhmet: Goddess of war


Sekhmet, also spelled Sakhmet, in Egyptian religion was a goddess of war. She destroyed Sekhmet, the enemy of the sun god, Ra. Sekhmet was associated both with disease and with healing and medicine.

Battle prowess: Sekhmet had enormous strength and destructive power. As the Eye of Ra, she was responsible for protecting the Sun god and destroying all his enemies. Sekhmet means ‘the powerful one’! She is sometimes called the daughter of the sun god Ra. she is celebrated at the end of battles.

She was worshiped evenly with her husband, Ptah, and her son, Nefertem. Her main cult center was in Memphis. Many priests recited complicated prayers, used to avert the rage of Sekhmet. A well-known prayer was called “the last day of the year”, and it was chanted while wearing a piece of cloth around one’s head.



Thoth was the God of writing and knowledge. That could also appear as a baboon. It was believed that Thoth gave the Egyptians the gift of hieroglyphs. In Egyptian religion, he is a god of the moon, reckoning, learning, and writing. He was held to be the inventor of writing, the creator of languages, the scribe, interpreter, and adviser of the gods, and the representative of the Sun Ra.

Thoth was the judge of the dead, who had overseen three epic battles between Good and Evil. He was also an engineer, associated with science and knowledge, and, as the scribe of the gods, he was the creator of the language.

He was held to be the inventor of writing, the creator of languages, the scribe, interpreter, and adviser of the gods, and the representative of the sun god, Ra. his responsibility for writing was shared with the goddess Seshat. Nephthys or Nebet-Het Ancient Egyptian is Thoth’s sister; she was a goddess in Ancient Egyptian religion.



Heka is the god of magic and medicine in Ancient Egyptians, strength, and is also the personification of magic itself. He is probably the most important god in Egyptian mythology but is often overlooked because his presence was so pervasive as to make him almost invisible to the Egyptologists.

Heka, also spelled hike, in Ancient Egyptian religion, was the personification of one of the attributes of the creator god Re-Atum; the term is usually translated as “magic,” or “magical power,” though its exact meaning pertains to cult practice as well.

Heka occasionally appears as a falcon-headed man wearing a sun disc, or a man holding two entwined serpents. In the latter case, he is connected with the “caduceus” (a winged staff with two serpents wrapped around it) which is now a symbol associated with medicine.

Heka was regarded as a deity in its own right. Most regularly he is depicted as an upright male with an emblem, the hieroglyphic sign for strength, on his head.



Hathor was a solar deity, a feminine counterpart to sun gods such as Horus and Ra. She was a member of the divine entourage that accompanied Ra as he sailed. Hathor, in Ancient Egyptian religion, goddess of the sky, women, fertility, and love.

Hathor was closely connected with the sun god Re of Heliopolis, whose “eye” or daughter she was said to be. In her cult center at Dandarah in Upper Egypt, she was worshiped with Horus.

And the cow goddess may shed some light on more than one famous story in the Bible. For the Egyptians, the goddess Hathor was a cow goddess who represented all that they saw as good in the female identity.

She represented fertility and motherhood, of course, but also love, joy, music, dance, and all that was beautiful. Hathor was one of the most important Gods and Goddesses, and complex goddesses of Ancient Egypt.

A mother goddess who created and maintained all life on earth, Hathor was also worshiped as a goddess. She was one of the forty-two state gods and goddesses of Egypt, and one of the most popular and powerful.

She was a goddess of many things: love, beauty, music, dancing, fertility, and pleasure. Not only that, but she was the protector of women, though men also worshiped her. Not only that, but she had priests as well as priestesses in her temples. Esky, and as the symbolic mother of the pharaoh, or ruler.

For all Ancient people, the world was filled with mystery. Much of what they experienced in the world around them was unknowable and frightening. The Ancient Egyptian gods and goddesses represented aspects of the Egyptians’ natural and “supernatural” surroundings and helped them understand its many aspects.

This was all about the Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egyptians. We hope you enjoyed it. To practice even more on Ancient Egyptian Gods and Goddesses and learn about other interesting subjects, keep visiting Learning Mole.

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